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09/06/2022 10:29

Technical Note - 2022 - June - Number 01 - Dirur

Agriculture and Livestock, Energy and the Forest-Sparing Effect: an International Comparison


Author: José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho


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This technical report aims to study agribusiness production and analyzes some sustainability indicators. We compare the Brazilian economy with the central agro-exporter countries: Argentina, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, and the United States. It is a complementary analysis of the results highlighted by Vieira Filho (2022a). Furthermore, the economic research seeks to advance in an international comparison of Brazil with those countries.

Brazil has been committed to environmental issues and has become a player on several associated fronts since the 1990s. In 1992, it was worth highlighting that Brazil held the United Nations Conference on the Environment (Rio-92). At the beginning of the 2000s, the Brazilian released satellite images (a pioneer action)2 provided public efforts to reduce deforestation in the Amazon region. The consequence has resulted in a pronounced reduction in deforestation rates and a decrease in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions nationwide by around 80.9 percent since 2005 (Brasil, 2021b). In 2010, the Brazilian government created the Low Carbon Agriculture Program3 to support sustainable production processes using rural credit channels. In 2012, Congress voted on the Forest Code,4 which included demands for environmental preservation. These reasons lead us to evaluate the period that starts in 1990 and finishes around 2022 whenever economic data is available.



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